News / Canada

New language and residency rules for Canadian citizenship kick in next week

Shorter residency requirement and new age requirements for language and knowledge tests will soon take effect in the revamped citizenship system.

Changes to citizenship requirements are expected to lead to an increase in applications.

Torstar File Photo

Changes to citizenship requirements are expected to lead to an increase in applications.

Starting Oct. 11, permanent residents will be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship if they have lived in the country for three out of the previous five years.

Also, applicants over 55 years of age are once again exempt from the language and knowledge tests for citizenship under the amended citizenship regulations to be announced by Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen on Wednesday.

The changes will be welcoming news for the many prospective applicants who have been holding off their applications since the newly elected Liberal government introduced Bill C-6 in March 2016 to reverse the more stringent changes adopted by its Conservative predecessor to restrict access to citizenship.

Citizenship applications are expected to go up, reversing the downward trend observed over the last few years after the Harper government raised the residency requirement for citizenship — requiring applicants to be in Canada for four years out of six — and stipulated that applicants between the ages of 14 and 64 must pass language and citizenship knowledge tests.

Luiz Capitulino,11, and his mom Sheyla Do Vale of Brazil embrace after becoming official Canadians. According to government data, 108,635 people applied for citizenship between April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017.

THE CANADIAN PRESS

Luiz Capitulino,11, and his mom Sheyla Do Vale of Brazil embrace after becoming official Canadians. According to government data, 108,635 people applied for citizenship between April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017.

Immigrant groups and advocates have said the more stringent rules discouraged newcomers’ full integration and participation in the electoral process.

“Citizenship is the last step in immigrant integration. Those unnecessary obstacles put in place by the previous government are hurting us as a country,” Hussen told the Star in an interview Tuesday. “We are proud of these changes and are excited about it.”

Another Liberal reform that takes effect next Wednesday is granting one year credit to international students, foreign workers and refugees for time spent in Canada before becoming permanent residents toward their residency requirements for citizenship.

Despite the anticipated surge in citizenship applications as a result of the relaxed requirements, Hussen said the department will ensure resources are in place to respond to the increased intake. However, he insisted there is no plan to reduce the current $630 citizenship fee for adults and $100 for those under 18.

“Citizenship is the last step in immigrant integration,

THE CANADIAN PRESS

“Citizenship is the last step in immigrant integration," Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen told the Star. Here, new Canadians wave flags after taking the oath during a special Canada Day ceremony on July 1, 2017.

The changes announced Wednesday are part of the amendments that received Royal Assent in June, including repealing the law that gave Ottawa the power to strip citizenship from naturalized citizens for crimes committed after citizenship has already been granted as well as handing over the power of citizenship revocation to the Federal Court from the immigration minister.

According to government data, 108,635 people applied for Canadian citizenship in the year ended on March 31. Historically, citizenship applications received have averaged closer to 200,000 a year.

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