Clashes break out in Syrian capital after insurgents attack
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BEIRUT — Fierce clashes broke out in the Syrian capital on Sunday after insurgents infiltrated government-held parts of the city through tunnels overnight, a rare if brief advance after months of steady losses at the hands of government forces elsewhere in the country.
It was a surprising breach of Damascus's security perimeter, where the government has effectively walled itself off from opposition forces encamped in two enclaves in the eastern parts of the city.
President Bashar Assad's government has
Residents said artillery shells and rockets were landing inside the heart of the city, and the activist-run Damascus Today Facebook group reported government air raids over the area of the clashes.
Infantry and tank reinforcements arrived on the government side to repel the attack in the afternoon, the group said.
With its military depleted from six years of fighting and defections, the Syrian government relies on a blend of official and semi-official forces to defend its territory, including Shiite militias from Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, and other Middle Eastern countries.
The Levant Liberation Committee — an al-Qaida-linked group — and the independent Failaq al-Rahman faction also participated in the attack.
Syrian state media said the military had repelled an attack by an al-Qaida-linked group after "terrorists" infiltrated through tunnels in the middle of the night.
Rebels detonated two large car bombs at 5:20 a.m. Sunday close to the Jobar
The government has been trying to pressure the rebels to surrender the pockets they hold in Damascus following victories in the northern city of Aleppo, the central city of Homs and other Damascus suburbs.
Tens of thousands of fighters, dissidents, and their family members in long-besieged areas have accepted exile to the country's rebel-held northwest, in what opposition figures have termed "forced displacement."
A U.N. inquiry into the government's assault on Aleppo last year concluded the government's siege and punish strategy amounted to a war crime, but the formula continues to produce results.
In Aleppo, Russian-backed Syrian government forces laid waste to the eastern half of the city, while a food and medical blockade pushed health conditions to the brink. Rebels capitulated in December, and more than 20,000 residents left the city, saying they could not trust government assurances for their safety.
Residents of Homs' opposition-held al-Waer
Jobar has been besieged by government forces since 2013.
Meanwhile, at least nine civilians were killed in what activists said were government airstrikes on the Idlib province.
Footage from the activist-run Edlib Media Center showed paramedics working to dig victims out of the rubble.
Associated Press writer Albert Aji reported from Damascus, Syria.